The mathematics group at IMSc pursues research in diverse subdisciplines. In addition to traditional areas of pure mathematics, some of the faculty have interests in applied and computational aspects as well. Activities in the group include regular graduate courses, research seminars, as well as periodical instructional workshops and conferences. There is a graduate programme for which applications are invited once a year. The group also hosts around 12 postdoctoral fellows at any given time.

The current research interests of the mathematics faculty are in the following broad areas.