Thursday, September 1 2022
18:00 - 19:00

IMSc Webinar

Towards Powerful Probes of Neutrino Self-Interactions in Supernovae

Po-Wen Chang

Ohio State University

Neutrinos remain mysterious. As an example, enhanced self-interactions (νSI) are allowed by laboratory, cosmology, and astrophysics data, and are frequently invoked to explain anomalies. In this talk, I will briefly review the current probes of νSI. I will then
discuss the potential interplay between νSI and supernova neutrinos. For the high neutrino densities within core-collapse supernovae, νSI could be important, but robust observables have been lacking. We show that νSI make supernova neutrinos form a tightly
coupled fluid that expands under relativistic hydrodynamics. The outflow becomes either a burst or a steady-state wind; which occurs here is uncertain. Though the diffusive environment where neutrinos are produced may make a wind more likely, further work is
needed to determine when each case is realized. In the burst-outflow case, νSI increase the duration of the neutrino signal, and even a simple analysis of SN 1987A data has powerful sensitivity. For the wind-outflow case, we outline several promising ideas that
may lead to new observables. Combined, these results are important steps towards solving the 35-year-old puzzle of how νSI impact supernovae.

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