Monday, July 16 2018
15:30 - 17:00

Alladi Ramakrishnan Hall

Null-Infinity and Unitary Representation of The Poincare Group. (1/3)

Shamik Banerjee

IOP Bhubaneswar

Following Pasterski-Shao-Strominger we construct a new basis of states in the single-particle Hilbert space of massless particles as a linear combination of standard Wigner states. Under Lorentz transformation the new basis states transform in the Unitary Principal Continuous Series representation. These states are obtained if we consider the little group of a null momentum direction rather than a null momentum. The definition of the states in terms of the Wigner states makes it easier to study the action of space-time translation in this basis. We show by taking into account the effect of space-time translation that the dynamics of massless particles described by these states takes place completely on the null-infinity of the Minkowski space. We then second quantize the theory in this basis and obtain a manifestly Poincare invariant (field) theory of free massless particles living on null-infinity. This theory has unitary time evolution. Action of BMS is particularly natural in this picture.

As an application of this we discuss the connection between soft theorems and symmetries in this picture. For simplicity we consider only the leading soft photon and soft graviton theorems which are related to U(1) Kac-Moody and BMS-supertranslations at null-infinity.

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