Abstract:

In 1968 Rivlin posed a problem on Algebraic Polynomial; "Characterise those ntuples {P1, P2, ... P(n1)}of algebraic polynomials such that the degree of Pj is j for j = 0,1,2,..., n1., for which there exists a real valued continuous function f defined on a closed and finite interval, [a,b] so that the polynomial of best approximation of degree j for f in the sense of Chebyshev, is Pj, j = 0,1,2, ... , n1". He suggested the necessary condition that, " Suppose there exists a continuous real valued function f defined on [a,b], such that Pj is the polynomial of best approximation, to f of degree j. Then for each pair of indices, i, k, 0 < (or) = i < K < (or) = (n1). The polynomial Pi  Pk is either identically zero or changes sign atleast (i+1) distinct points in [a,b]. This thesis study the problem for algebraic polynomials and also for General Chebyshev system, and obtain necessary and sufficient conditions. Further various related problems are also discussed. 