Influence of the presence of solutes on the structural and dynamical properties of lipid membranes and water[HBNI Th108]

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Influence of the presence of solutes on the structural and dynamical properties of lipid membranes and water[HBNI Th108]

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Title: Influence of the presence of solutes on the structural and dynamical properties of lipid membranes and water[HBNI Th108]
Author: Upayan Baul
Advisor: Satyavani Vemparala
Degree: Ph.D
Main Subjects: Physics
Institution: HBNI
Year: 2016
Pages: 210p.
Abstract: In this thesis, titled Influence of the presence of solutes on the structural and dynamical properties of lipid membranes and water, we report classical all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulation studies of two biological solvents, namely- phospholipid bilayers and water, and their interactions with flexible, amphiphilic, polycationic antimicrobial polymers and dissolved salts (ions) respectively. For methacrylate polymers characterized by backbone amphiphilicity, we study the interactions of polymer aggregates with multiple model lipid membranes which include models for both mammalian and microbial membranes. We conclusively show that the polymers impact the structural properties of the microbial membrane models, with minimal effect on a mammalian one. For a model of E. Coli membrane, we suggest a mode of antimicrobial activity through polymer induced demixing of lipid species, and associated phase boundary defects. We also report that the flexible methacrylate polymers with no built-in facial amphiphilicity are capable of acquiring facial amphiphilicity in their membrane partitioned phase. For side-chain amphiphilic polymers, in collaboration with experiments, we show that the hydrogen bonding ability of polymers can impact their antimicrobial activity. Our studies reveal the effect of both monovalent and divalent cations on the long-range dipolar orientational correlations in liquid water. Based on the observations, the ambiguous classification of ions as structure makers and breakers is challenged. The importance of the results is discussed in the context of hydrophobic aggregation. Finally, using a new selection criteria for water molecules, we show that strongly solvated ions such as Mg 2+ can induce reorientational slowing of water molecules beyond the first ion solvation shells. The slow water molecules are further shown to be de-localized. The results explain the contrasting observations from a class of experiments (FS-IR) and prior numerical simulations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/395

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